The historical period of Sicily started, therefore, with the Greek colonization () in the IV sec. and according to the testimony of this Greek philosopher, such habits were not considered good manners and needed to be refined.
Signs that Sicily even in those early days boasted of numerous traditions were more than confirmed.
Blame the early Arab settlers, who spiced up Sicilian cuisine with citrus fruits and cloying sweets.
Their legacy is cassata, a cake filled with ricotta cream and decorated with almond paste and candied fruit.
The Greeks, when they first settled on the island, in the VIII sec. The Greek historian Tucidide, author of a history of Sicily that dates back to 425 A.
C., gives us the most accurate ancient facts on Sicily. We already have one of the most meaningful testimonies on the habits and customs of the Sicilians from this great Platone philosopher who, in his writing, criticised the Siracusani for their gastronomic habits: they ate too many times in a day!
The 8th of December is the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Festa dell’Immacolata Concezione), the Madonna is also a patron of the city and the main celebrations in the Chiesa di San Francesco d’Assisi is filled with pomp and ancient religious traditions.
The celebration of the Immaculate Conception is an important celebration throughout Italy and other predominantly Roman Catholic countries, here in Sicily it is a public holiday and is filled with suggestive religious celebrations.
If we add to that the abundance of game and fish, we are in a position to comprehend how very rich the Sicilian kitchen could be even then.
The Siculi spoke an Indo-European language; there are no remains of the languages of the other peoples.
There were also Phoenician settlements on the island.
The Valley of the Temples, in the southern city of Agrigento, is where the ancient world comes most vividly alive on the island.
The city, ancient Akragas, rivaled Athens in its splendor but may also have been a kind of Los Angeles of the ancient world.